NOtoAV is the official campaign for the ‘No’ vote for the national referendum on changing the voting system from First Past the Post (FPTP) to the Alternative Vote (AV).
How do the two systems compare?
First Past the Post
Everyone gets one vote. You put an ‘X’ next to the candidate you want to
support. The candidate with the most votes wins.
Instead of using an ‘X’, voters rank candidates in order of preference using ‘1, 2, 3’ and so on. If one candidate has more than 50% of the first preference votes, they are
elected outright. If that doesn’t happen, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and the second, third or later choices of the people who voted for them are allocated to the remaining candidates. If there are no choices for a candidate still in the race, those
votes play no further part. If still no candidate has 50%, the next lowest candidate is eliminated and their votes are redistributed. This process continues until one candidate has over 50% of the votes which remain in the count.
For more information on why you should vote NO to AV on 5th May 2011, please see no2av.org.